## Tuesday, October 31, 2006

### A Math Teacher's Experience

“Stand up if you have a cell phone with you today,” I announced last Wednesday in my algebra class. The excitement was visible. “Sit down if your phone does not have a camera,” I continued. Their disappointment was manifested in groans of various pitches and duration. I quickly paired them up – over half the class had phones with cameras – and sent them on their way. Their mission: to find as many examples of circles and take pictures of each one. They had ten minutes to complete the job, and they were not to disturb other classes.

“I got 56 pictures Mrs. Stahlhut!” one student exclaimed as he returned to class. “Well I got a picture of Serniak’s watch!” countered another. The class shared their findings for approximately five minutes with an amazing zealousness. While they were taking photos, I had set out examples of circular objects (more than ten items) I had gathered from my kitchen that morning. I also handed out a piece of string and a CSAP ruler (they are paper and therefore bend) on each desk. Students were in a circle (pun intended), and they were told to make a table of measurements, in millimeters, of the diameter and the circumference of each circular item. They passed the item to the right when they had finished measuring. They eagerly explained to each other what a millimeter was and helped each other find the circumference by holding the string around some of the objects. Another ten minutes passed.

Equipped with a table of values, our discussion progressed to which value depended on which value. “Does the length of the circumference depend on the length of the diameter, or does the length of the diameter depend on the length of the circumference?” I questioned. They agreed upon the first choice. “Therefore,” I explained, “the vertical axis should be labeled circumference, and the horizontal axis should be labeled diameter.” They drew their axes and plotted their points.

“Who knows what ‘a line of best fit’ is?” I asked and waited. No response. “OK, it has to pass through at least two points and the remaining points should be equally distributed above the line and below the line. Use your ruler to make the line straight!” I clarified. After they drew their line of best fit I went on to talk about the slope of a line. When we looked at everyone’s slope, it was easy to see if they had made a mistake. Most had a slope near 3.14 (pi). We then used this to write an equation (C = 3.14 D where C=length of circumference and D=length of diameter) and make predictions about other circles.

When class was over, I thought about what was important. Did they understand slope? Did they understand ‘line of best fit’? No, not fully. But I had hooked them by using the cell phones and a concrete example of linear data. What surprised me was the fact that this was my all male class. When my all female class began, the very next period, I was asked “Do we get to use our cell phones in class today?” I was not expecting this activity to be something that both genders would get excited about, but it was!

The next day we did squares. We took pictures, and collected data by drawing and measuring five different squares and their diagonals on graph paper. The equation we came up with was D = 1.41 S where D=length of the diagonal and S=length of the side. Again we talked of slope and lines of best fit.

Next, we will be using the cell phone as a stop watch. Each pair of students will be given a short and a long tongue twister. They will collect data by timing each other saying the tongue twister once, twice, three times, etc. They will plot the data (both lines on the same set of axes) and calculate the slope of both lines. Also, they will write the equation for each line and use the equation to make predictions.

My plan is to follow up with a discussion about y-intercepts. All the examples thus far have passed through the origin. To create an example where the y-intercept is not zero, I plan to find an advertisement about the price of CDs and DVDs. I will tell them they have been given \$50 as a birthday present, and they must spend it all on CDs and DVDs. The question is how many of each can they purchase? After exploring this question, we will follow up with linear inequalities, where the solution is the half-plane of points above or below the line.

As a seasoned mathematics teacher, I recognize none of these activities are new. What is new is the fact that I am using these activities. Also, the fact that I am willing to post this on a blog is new. I am the shy introvert who usually prefers to journal my reflections instead of putting them out to the “flat” world. Well, I have now emerged from my cocoon and spread my wings, thanks to encouragement from my colleagues.

Update 11-2-06: I had a request to explain my reference to the all male class and the all female class, so here goes…

Arapahoe High School began offering single-gender classes in swimming, personal survival (health class), and algebra during second semester of the 2003-2004 school year. They were in addition to co-ed classes; they did not replace co-ed classes. The teachers who taught the single-gender classes, administrators, and other interested staff met monthly to share their observations. They also discussed research pertaining to gender-specific education. Students were surveyed about their experience in a single-gender class, and it was favorable. Likewise, the teachers enjoyed the experience although at times found it challenging.

Language Arts, Science, and Social Studies began offering single-gender sections in addition to co-ed sections during the 2004-2005 school year. We have expanded our offerings each year. Students (and their parents) choose whether they want to be in a single-gender section, although we do end up asking some additional students to sign up to "fill" the sections. For the most part, the response has been favorable (hence the expanded offerings each year), but it's still a small portion of our classes (for example, we have 16 sections of co-ed Algebra, 1 male section, 1 female section). Our students have a fair amount of choice in their schedules and this gives them one more option. Teachers, administrators, and interested parents continue to meet regularly and have many discussions about what has worked and what hasn’t in the single-gender classes. They also share their opinions on published articles about single-gender education.

One of our goals this year is to gather data to support our decision to offer single-gender classes. Professor Susan Harter from the University of Denver (DU) and doctoral candidate Shauna Riecks are going to pretest and posttest our classes in an attempt to measure the academic success and affective attitude of our students. We also have implemented the Measure of Academic Progress (MAP testing) for freshmen and sophomores in reading and mathematics. This will facilitate gathering documentation of what we already believe to be true: single-gender classes provide the opportunity for some students to be more successful than in co-ed classes.

1. Nice. Have you thought about having them measure the diameter and circumference of the circles in their pictures? It might be kind of tricky to do on the cell phone screen (or maybe not), but some of them could probably send them from their phone to your computer (larger screen to measure on), or you could then print them and measure on the printout.

I'm also wondering if there is a way to bring those photos into Sketchpad and use Sketchpad to measure, make the tables, calculate the equation, etc.

2. Way to go. That is using technology to stimulate understanding in todays youth. I commend you on having the insight to create this assignment and to share it in the blogosphere.

I have added this post to my geometry section of my delicious account.

Keep being innovative.

Chris Harbeck
Sargent Park School
sargentparkmathzone.blogspot.com

3. I found this post while on lunch break and having a discussion with a student. I stopped the discussion and said, "Listen to this." After reading, the student said, "What are we doing in class today?" I asked why he wanted to know. "So, I can help you make your class like hers." I'm a Language Arts teacher, but he made the connection. Not only is your venture into extrovertedness inspiring teachers today, it's inspiring students as well. Thank you. Keep sharing.

4. This is a great idea!!! And you've given me another one ....

Have them all sign up for a flickr account and upload the pics using a unique tag for your class/assignment, maybe ... circlecellpics

Then, on the class blog use a flickr slideshow tool to post and automatically display the pics. As kids continue to add tagged pics the slide show grows, maybe including screen shots of the measurements done on their computers (for the radius and diameter) using geometer sketchpad but even a plain ole draw program will do the trick!

My mind is bubbling with the possibilities ... BRAVO!! and thanks for sharing. ;-)

Darren Kuropatwa

5. What a great use of cell phones in the classroom. It is great to see a teacher that is willing to change after many years of teaching and it gives me more drive to change my classes as well. Thanks for sharing.

6. That means a lot, James. Thanks!

7. At my school, no one would stand up if I asked who had a cell phone because the next step would be to send them to the office where they would be given ISS. What a wonderful example of using what is available to make connections for students! If we all allowed students to have cell phones in class, the computing power in those tiny "machines" could save the school system thousands of dollars! And I bet the setup time for this activity was a lot less than a wireless laptop lab would require.

Thank you so much for sharing this lesson with us! It has given me much to think about!

8. Wow, Barb!! Honestly I am inspired by you!! What a fun and thought provoking group of lessons and integrating students use of technology, I'm sure, increased their sense of buy in to the lesson. This makes me want to just have a technology "math" group where we discuss awesome lessons like this with eachother.
Thanks so much for sharing!!!

9. Barb, Isn't it amazing how quickly the news of using a cell phone in mat class traveled from the male only class to the female only class? Gives you a bit of insight at how much they communicate and how quickly they discuss class activities. Do you think they might have text messaged each other in class? Joe H

10. Barb...this story is truly electric...as a mentor I am trying to spread the idea that it is not about the technology, but about creating a stimulating and rich learning environment that includes the sharing and manipulation of information...this is a great example that I just shared with the Math teachers at my schools and fellow mentors...
Thanks a bunch for your courage!
Jeff Whipple
Technology Mentor, 1:1 Laptop Project
Nashwaaksis Middle School / Leo Hayes High School
edutrails.edublogs.org

11. What a creative idea! I shared this with one of our math teachers, and she's very interested in doing something similar with her classes. Thanks for sharing this with us.

I think you are the one who found our English 3 blog the other day and posted onto our "joke" board. The kids were so excited to find out a REAL PERSON from outside our little school found them and joined in the conversation. Thanks so much for posting to them. (And to answer your question, no, there's no relation to the Scofield you mentioned.)

Happy Teaching!
Nancy Scofield

12. Yes Nancy, it was I who posted on your class blog. What a flat world we live in. I am glad they liked that a REAL PERSON joined in their conversation. You can check out John Scofield at johnscofield.com. He is a close friend of mine (and my family).

13. Wow and THANKS for sharing!

14. Great idea Barb! Might have to take down your sign to put away all electronic devices... unless you have already done so.

On behalf of the gender classes, I'm glad that you are enjoying this. I have struggled with mine. The all boys Western Civ class is great. However, the all girls class is really struggling. Outof my three sections the one that is performing the best is the coed. I thik the nature of the class and the age group is a reflection of this. Or maybe the problem lies with a female teaching an all female class. Feedback from the kids. The boys enjoy the class the girls class wishes it was coed... and I would have to agree.

15. Barbara,
Would you be willing to do an interview with me through email? I am a grad student at Wilkes University in Pennsylvania. The assignment is to interview an educator who has used cell phones in the classroom.
Kristi Veitenheimer
kristi.veitenheimer@esc9.net